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Courts in Ambala

According to the reports of Punjab Administration, Ambala district was founded from the ‘North West Frontier’ territories in Delhi by the representatives of British in the year 1846. The Deputy Commissioner was, then, given the charge of the district. He was vested with criminal, fiscal and civil powers.

Courts in Ambala

History of Court of the District and Sessions Judge in Ambala

In the year 1823, the charge of the local managerial administration was given to the Chief Commissioner. The chief authorities of the Financial and Judicial departments, i.e. Financial and Judicial Commissioner respectively, worked under him. The Judicial Commissioner also headed the Police Department.

In 1886, a Chief Court was substituted for the Judicial Commissioner which consisted of 2 judges - a Barrister and a Civilian. These were given the absolute appellate power in criminal and civil cases. In 1869, a third Civilian judge was also included in the Court. This Constitution remained unchanged till 1881.

Next was the Court of Divisional and Sessions Judge which worked subordinate to the Chief Court and exercised criminal and civil jurisdiction in a civil and sessions section consisting of more than one districts.

Jurisdiction of the Court of District and Sessions Judge in Ambala

Since the Sessions Division has been formed, the judiciary of Ambala district is headed by the District and Sessions Judge. The present jurisdiction of Ambala division can be divided in to the following.
  • One District and Sessions Judge
  • One District and Sessions Judge (Family Court)
  • One District and Sessions Judge (Labor Court)
  • Five additional District and Sessions Judges
  • Court of Civil Judge (Senior Division)
  • Court of Chief Judicial Magistrate
  • Court of Additional Civil Judges (Senior Division)
  • Eight Courts of Civil Judge (Junior Division)
In Ambala, the Civil Judges executes the roles of the Judicial Magistrate as well as the Rent Controller. The Additional Civil Judge of Senior Division in Ambala is also the Chief Magistrate if the Juvenile Justice Board. Under the Motor Accident Claims Tribunal and the East Punjab Urban Rent Restriction Act, the District and Sessions Judge as well as the Additional District and Sessions Judge exercises the powers of litigant authority. Civil Judges of Ambala Sessions Court and Appellant Court also enjoy unlimited economic jurisdiction.

Rules and Guidelines followed by the Court of District and Sessions Judge in Ambala

All the employees of the court in Ambala have to follow certain rules and regulations that are given in the manuals, instruction books and records. These rules apply to all and it is essential that they must be conscientiously followed for the constant functioning and management of the judicial organization. These rules and regulations include:
  • The Civil Manual of 1986
  • The Criminal Manual of 1980
  • The Code of Criminal Procedure of 1973
  • The Code of Civil Procedure of 1908
  • The Haryana Civil Services Rules
  • Haryana Financial Rules
  • Haryana Treasury Rules
  • Haryana Budget Manual
  • Other Govt. Circulars and Gazettes issued by the Haryana Government plus, wherever applicable, the notifications and circulars issued by the Honorable High Court of Haryana state.

Other Courts in Ambala

Apart from the District and Sessions Court, Ambala has also some other courts and legal authorities. These are:

District Consumer Forum

The Labour court is headed by a Presiding Officer cum Addl. District and Sessions Judge. Currently, Ms. Neelima Shangla holds the position.

Permanent Lok Adalat

This is also an important court in Ambala and is presently headed by Sh. M.R. Batra. He also has two other members to help him in his duties with reference to the functioning of the court.

Industrial Tribunal cum Labour Court

This court looks into the cases related to the consumer disputes up to the amount of maximum Rs. 20 lacs. Presently, it is headed by Mrs.Shakuntala Dagar.

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