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Rivers in Ambala

Ambala, also known as the twin city’, is one of the important districts in the state of Haryana. Ambala district is mainly sapped by non persistent rivers that include the following:
  • The Markanda River
  • The Tangri River
  • The Ghaggar River

Markanda and Tangri rivers finally drain in to River Gaggar outside the periphery of Ambala district. However, the Ghaggar and its offshoots comprises of an internal drainage system.

The Markanda River in Ambala

Rivers in Ambala

Markanda River, that draws off from the southern gradients of the range of Dharti Dhar in Himachal Pradesh, rips all the way through the Shivalik range before entering the district of Ambala. The broad river channel between Mullana and Kala Amb gets narrower towards the southern side of Mullana. At the time of the rainy season, Markanda River carries with it huge volume of water that also sometimes results in flooding in the lower areas.

The Tangri River in Ambala

Tangri River rises from the hills of Morni and flows towards the south up to the Chajju Majra village where it unites with the Balaiali River. Further, it follows a southern path and flows towards the east of Ambala Cantt. After passing through the Ambala Cantt Ambala – Jagadhari railway line, it directs itself to the south west. Close by the villages of Segti and Segta, Tangri River is joined by the downpour of Amri and Omla. It is at this place that Bhakra canal’s branch – Narwana – passes by the Tangri River.

From then on, Tangri takes a turn towards left up to the village Niharsi from where it flows in southerly direction and leaves Ambala district to enter the princely state of Punjab, i.e. Patiala.
Rising from the Morni Hills, the Tangri River initially flowed towards south up to the village Panjokhra in the north east part of Ambala. From here, it gets split into two straits. Both these straits keep a southern track and flow on both sides of Ambala Cantt.

It is believed that River Tangri changed its course during the 19th century when the drainage was restricted to the eastern conduit. River Baliali initiates from the south of Morni Hills and unites with Tangri River near Chajju Majra village.

Also known as Dadri or Shahzadpur wali, the Amri is created from the water collected in plains at the time of monsoon season. It begins somewhere close to Rataur and flows to south west and takes the current of Omla and links with Tangri between Segti and Segta villages.

The Ghaggar River in Ambala

Another prominent river, the Ghaggar River, also pass through the district in some part of north east Ambala. The river initiates from Sirmaur in Himachal Pradesh. Ghaggar River passes through the district for a very little distance on the brink of Ambala city. After that, it runs corresponding to the periphery of the district.

Ghaggar River Ambala

The river holds some amount of water all through the year in its upper course. On the other hand, the lower course of Ghaggar remains almost dry during summers and holds water only during monsoon season. The two petite lakes near village Masiyun hold hardly any importance as they are neither fed by nor do they feed any major river. Only a tiny rivulet from one of these lakes links with the Tangri River.

In spite of the abundance of rivers traversing the district, Ambala mostly witnesses a shortage of water resources. Tube wells and wells still continue to be the main source of irrigation in Ambala district.

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